Demographic change has taken place differently in Germany than many people believed it would. The decline in the population has been indefinitely postponed due to increased immigration. On the other hand, society generally continues to age as it has in the past. It is also becoming more diverse, thanks to greater variation in the backgrounds, family structures and lifestyles of its members.
This is impacting almost all policy areas, including employment, social security, education, health care, nursing care, families and seniors. Moreover, Germany has considerable regional differences which are confronting communities in particular with diverse challenges. Customized solutions must thus be developed for each of the relevant issues.